CBP: Border Encounter Figures in Recent Months
CBP (Customs and Border Protection), which is a branch of DHS (Department of Homeland Security), is one of the entities in charge of enforcing immigration law at the borders. To achieve this goal, CBP has more than 60,000 employees who oversee the border territory and protect the nation from potential terrorist threats or illegal activities, which clearly also includes irregular immigration.
One of CBP’s immigration-related tasks is to release border apprehension figures on a monthly basis, that is, the number of undocumented immigrants apprehended in border territory who try to enter the US without prior authorization for multiple reasons. For instance, one of the most recurrent scenarios among border encounters are immigrants who need to protect their lives from truly precarious and risky situations and intend to apply for international assistance in the US through humanitarian programs such as political asylum.
To provide a more detailed report to the American public, CBP separates the number of border encounters into three main groups: unaccompanied immigrant minors, family units, and single adults.
Now, before analyzing the border apprehension rates of recent months, it is extremely important to explain that President Joe Biden’s administration is currently facing a gigantic challenge related to a surge in illegal border crossings that has taken place since the end of 2020, but intensified in early 2021. Therefore, now more than ever it is imperative to understand what the border apprehension rates really are and how they relate to the current administration.
Let’s take a look at the most recent border apprehension rates:
Unaccompanied immigrant minors
The Biden administration is facing a barrage of criticism especially when it comes to unaccompanied immigrant minors, who are encountered in border territory by CBP agents and who must be transferred to ORR (Office of Refugee Resettlement), which is a branch of HHS (Department of Health and Human Services).
CBP reported a total of 18,877 unaccompanied immigrant minors apprehended in border territory in March 2021, an extremely high number compared to previous years. In April, CBP reported 17,144 encounters with unaccompanied immigrant minors. In May, CBP reported a total of 14,137 unaccompanied immigrant minors apprehended at the borders and in 15,253 June. Thus, it means that, compared to March, there was a 19.2% reduction in June 2021.
CBP reported a total of 54,116 family units apprehended in border territory in March 2021. In April, CBP reported 50,089 encounters with family units. In May, CBP reported a total of 44,746 family units apprehended at the borders and 55,805 in June. That means that, the number of family units apprehended at the borders decreased 7.44% in April and 17.31% in May compared to March, but increased 3.12% in June.
CBP reported a total of 100,125 single adults apprehended in border territory in March 2021. In April, CBP reported 111,483 encounters with single adults. In May, CBP reported a total of 121,603 single adults apprehended at the borders and 117,602 in June. That means that, the number of single adults apprehended at the borders increased 11.34% in April, 21.45% in May and 17.46% in June compared to March.
It is worth explaining that border forces state that a fairly high number of single adults aprehended at the borders are reentries, which refers to undocumented immigrants who, after being expelled or deported from the US, retry unauthorized border crossings over and over again.
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